After the. Then, they must read scenarios and decide what city-state they would want to join. Known as the Agoge, the system emphasized duty, discipline and endurance. ) in contrast a Spartan life was simple. All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the education system, the Agoge, which helped u get courage and self-control. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Quiz Spartan boys trained for _____. Boys and Men in Athens From a young age, Athenian boys from. Sparta's military strength rested in its army, composed of the best-trained and most powerful warriors of ancient times. And secondly, to revert to a point which cannot be overemphasized, if only because the worshippers of Sparta have so frequently forgotten it, there is the horrible obverse of Spartan communism presented by the. Grigori ĭ Maksimovich Bongard-Levin. Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the. Pericles Funeral Oration" Download file to see previous pages The paper under consideration analyses the importance of justice overall, as well as presenting the idea of equal justice for all, as seen in the two states to be evaluated, Sparta and Athens. Facts about Ancient Sparta 3: the Greco-Persian Wars. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan women could legally own and inherit property and they were usually better educated. The Athenians only showed superiority in their advanced education. A different type of sword, a kopis , was used by some Spartans, and this particularly brutal, short sword was employed for hacking violently and quickly at enemies. But life in Athens was very different from life in Sparta. Athens is one of the first known democracies. This lifestyle was praised by Xenophon, an ancient historian c. Individual Spartans lived and died for the State, and had to serve the State from birth until sixty years of age. They just learned how to weave and sew. The city-state was the central part of ancient Greek life. And even though it is true that Sparta is known for its military prowess, what really made it great were its unique political institutions and society. Spartan marriage was a somewhat more tricky affair then the average Athenian marriage and differed significantly, many more factors were involved and the wife had more freedom in marriage. Some of the most important city-states were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and Delphi. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. For example, Sparta was harsh and a military based city-state. It was aimed at the cultivation of the students' physical, mental, and moral qualities. Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta. In both city-states, their social structures featured women as minorities. 1 Classical Athens (508-322 BCE) 1. Only men were given the title 'citizen'. History >> Ancient Greece. Spartan Classes The class and social structure of Sparta was very regimented similar to the way they treated everything, methodical and ordered. Athens was located farther north in an area labeled. Sparta and Athens. Each polis had it sown system of education. Sparta is my favorite. The two most powerful city-states were Sparta and Athens. Education of Spartan women Spartan women, unlike their Athenian counterparts, received a formal education that was supervised and controlled by the state. Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. They were known for: education & democracy The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen. Every Spartan, male or female, was required to have a perfect body. This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC. This is debated by differing historical perspectives such as Tyrtaeus, the 7th century Spartan poet, who mentions that two kings consulted the Delphic Oracle and brought the Great Rhetra, hence scholars believe that this could refer to early kings. By comparison to present day standards, Athenian women were only a small step above slaves by the 5th century BC. The success of Western civilization owes much to the unique world-view and institutions passed on to the ancient world and later to the modern world by the Greeks. 1 Old Education. In addition to physical train-ing, the Athenians valued education, clear thinking, and the arts. Enculturation is the process of learning the culture and acquiring the values and knowledge of a society. Franklin St. ohle, Usa, ret. Sparta The advantages of Spartan education and marriage customs (Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 14-16) Lycurgus was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the tough, military nature of Spartan society. Sparta was the only city state that allowed women to receive a proper education, engage in sports, and possess economic power and influence. On the other hand, Sparta's government at its peak never was. Question: Compare the Athenian education system to the Spartan education system. Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other city­states shifted to tyrannies and democracies. They invented their own methods best suited to their interest. Individual Spartans lived and died for the State, and had to serve the State from birth until sixty years of age. Sparta used its military strength to dominate the Greek world, culminating in a crushing defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian Wars (460–404 BC). Athens and Sparta comparison activity. Life as an Spartan and Athenian. By comparison to present day standards, Athenian women were only a small step above slaves by the 5th century BC. BC, Sparta was the strongest Greek city. Modern ideas about democracy first developed in ancient Athens. In ancient sparta boys left their homes at the age of seven and entered the public schooling system. Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. The students have summer vacation starts on Sep (about 3 months), Christmas vacation (2 weeks) and Easter vacation (2 weeks). Differences and similarities of Athens and Sparta. Education of Men and Women in Athens and Sparta Facts. Use your text as your primary source with additional information supplied by other sources. Spartan Government. The defeat of Athens ended its democracy, which. The Spartan men were well known for being brave and fierce, and they spent their whole lives training and fighting. ] Spartan mothers would say to their sons, "Either come back with your shield or on it" (meaning return victorious or die fighting). Healthy Spartan men were trained to be in the military at the age of seven. Also, women had more freedom and were allowed to own property. Sparta, on the other hand, was located in the Laconia region and exhibited a more temperate and dry. Athens and Sparta may have had some of the "shared blood, shared language, shared religion, and shared customs" that constituted hellenikon, or Greekness, as Herodotus tells us, but their systems of government and education were radically different. Education and Training. The Athens-Sparta Comparison activity is well done! Ancient Greek Civilizations: Sparta Nice description of Sparta and Spartans. Perhaps in Nigeria the ideal of the National youth service corps must have been a legacy from Greek education. So different, in fact, that Athens will be the subject of today’s post, and Sparta’s tomorrow. It is not at all clear that Athenian education is better than Spartan. Each class will be explained below. (This applied only to boys, girls were restricted to other pursuits, not war or business or education. Answer in NO MORE than three sentences. Gomme, “The Position of Women in Athens in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B. But in the end, did that educational system serve the overall best interests of the Spartan people? In the map above, Sparta was located in the area labeled LACONIA. The post-and-lintel system is made up of columns, which are large upright posts, with a roof, or architrave, over the top. The Constitution of the Spartans. So different, in fact, that Athens will be the subject of today’s post, and Sparta’s tomorrow. Exercise 2: After reading the information about Sparta and Athens, and looking at the chart above, tell students they should be prepared to tell in which city-state they would rather live and why. Oligarchy – Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). Spartan boys and girls were taught to fight at age six or seven. From ‘Odessey’, the travel of Greek hero Odysseus or Ulysses after the fall of Troy is known. After the. With the exception of the Athenians (who. Home Compare and contrast essay on athens and sparta. Spartan women, unlike their Athenian counterparts, received a formal education that was supervised and controlled by the state. A I M : LIFE IN ATHENS VS. In Athens, there was a huge marketplace called the agora. Public education was provided for girls as well as boys. For older students rhetoric was a central area. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. In both city-states, their social structures featured women as minorities. Sparta Athens and Sparta were both city-states inside Greece. With the addition of the tens of thousands of people in Messenia, the total helot population now. Review Athenian education vs. " For the first six years of his life, a Spartan boy lived with his mother. It was aimed at the cultivation of the students' physical, mental, and moral qualities. Athens was head of the Delian League, Sparta was head of the Peloponnesian league. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the. It had more equal roles for women in society, and contrary to popular belief they did not leave weak babies on the hillsides. 427 Gorgias in Athens 425 Spartan peace offer refused Socrates’s active duty continued at the battle of Delium in 424, under the command of Laches. Spartan warriors were very brave and brutal. 6 Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on their roles in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. Chapter 27 - Athens and Sparta No teams 1 team 2 teams 3 teams 4 teams 5 teams 6 teams 7 teams 8 teams 9 teams 10 teams Custom Press F11 Select menu option View > Enter Fullscreen for full-screen mode. The last step of this education, reserved to the best ones, was known as the cryptia (from the Greek word meaning "hidden", "secret") and consisted in living alone for one year in the countryside and neighboring moutains without being seen by anyone but with the right to kill Helots (Megillus, the Lacedemonian partner of the Laws, lists some of. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. For boys, the education system was known as the Agoge or "up-bringing system. Yet, their culture still impacts our lives today, in the arts, philosophy, and in science, math, literature, and politics. Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were the two largest Greek city-states of the Ancient world. [The strict separation of classes and militaristic system was put into place by Lycurgus in the 7th century BC. Athens had a democratic government – this means that the people who lived there made decisions by voting, like we do in Britain. Although we cannot condone such a practice in modern times, pederasty was a normal and necessary part of Greek education for young men at a time when formal education did not really exist. The Time chapter presents multiple time lines tracing different aspects of life and culture in ancient Greece. They had a system of monarchy combined with oligarchy. So before we do so, we need to say something about the Greek model in its original context. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. Military system in Sparta was simple - every male was a military starting at the age of 7 and ending at the age of 60, In other words, military education and training were a priority in Sparta. So different, in fact, that Athens will be the subject of today’s post, and Sparta’s tomorrow. That wasn't going on at Athens but at Sparta. Enculturation is the process of learning the culture and acquiring the values and knowledge of a society. When they reached the age of eleven, Spartan boys were moved up to the next level of their education. They had athletic training and learned to defend themselves. Sparta was unique in the ancient world by providing an education system for females, with the same aims as that of the males – to encourage physical strength and team spirit. The Constitution of the Spartans. Unlike in Athens, women were free to participate in athletic events, could go to schools, and were given key roles in raising families, religion, and politics. They were considered as mothers to all Spartan soldiers (Connolly 260). "Archaic graves in Sparta, and a Lacedaemonian funeral figured relief amphora," Archaiologion Deltion 19 A (1964) 123-163. In battles, the Spartan army heavily relies on brute strength and size to defeat the enemy instead of taking the time to analyze the situation and use a logical and thoughtful approach. The difference between their education is that Spartans were birthed for war and learned the brutality of war from a young age as Athenians were taught philosophy and astronomy as well as other. Did you know? Sparta relied on it's huge army to enforce their laws. - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Help your students master key information about ancient Greece's two most famous city-states: Athens and Sparta! Most world history textbooks give an overview of the two city-states, but few take the next step of helping students compare and contrast them in detail. For boys, the education system was known as the Agoge or "up-bringing system. Flashcards. And even though it is true that Sparta is known for its military prowess, what really made it great were its unique political institutions and society. Two of the city states which got fame Ancient Greek Education and power then others were Sparta and Athens. Sparta's main rival in Greece was Athens. This allowed many of the children to have an equal opportunity in the situation given although they did not have many options. The majority of ancient written sources that present views or images of children are primarily written by men in classical Athens (fifth to fourth centuries B. Most citizens Spartans were either Perioeci (citizens who paid taxes, served in the army and were protected by Spartan laws) or Helots (people from lands conquered and ruled by Sparta who. 89-115, although few scholars have agreed with him. His presence and reply were baffling. Within this culture, however, existed a number of different poleis, all independent from one other. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture. Studies, 16]. Over the years, the Ministry in question has made significant changes to the education system, most of which were mandated by the wish of each. Spartan and Athenian Education. A Comparison of Education in Ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta PAGES 4. ANCIENT GREECE ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. Sparta was the only city state that allowed women to receive a proper education, engage in sports, and possess economic power and influence. There, merchants. in emulation of that in Crete, which had evolved in response to population pressure. The kings were also priests of Zeus and they sat on the council of elders known as the Gerousia. View of Sparta, around 3000 years ago. iRubric VX95C7C: Rubric title Sparta v. In both city-states, their social structures featured women as minorities. ) in contrast a Spartan life was simple. In Antiquity (cf. Athens was the better city in pretty much all aspects of life. " For the first six years of his life, a Spartan boy lived with his mother. In Spartan society, all citizens generally enjoyed access to equal rights, equal welfare, public works, public education, and equal levels of representation in government. The education system in Athens was privately controlled unlike in Sparta where the education was state-controlled. Although, they were very close to each other in location they were very different in many other ways. Sparta’s Government ruled as an oligarchy by 2 Kings. Underline sections that are unclear. com - id: 4649d5-ZWU4Y. 1-10 in Greek acrophonic numbers. Education in Athens and Sparta differed as education was based on the values most highly-regarded by each society. In the Persian Wars, Sparta fought beside Athens, first at Thermopylae (480), under Leonidas; later that year at Salamis; and in 479 at Plataea (won by Pausanias). Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. The courage of Spartan soldiers was renowned throughout the Greek world, a legacy cemented by King Leonidas's heroic stand at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BCE. But life in Athens was very different from life in Sparta. , Sparta was an inland agricultural oligarchy that depended on. Boys had to join the Spartan army. The success of Western civilization owes much to the unique world-view and institutions passed on to the ancient world and later to the modern world by the Greeks. Some of the main differences between Athens and Sparta were their governments, their education systems, their people's rights, and the way their people were treated as a whole. Journey back to the glory days of this Ancient Greece city-state. census recorded the population of Sparta as 1,400, a decrease from the 2000 population of 1,522. But life in Athens was very different from life in Sparta. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. Underline sections that are unclear.  The childhood in Athens was very strict in comparison to Spartan girls. If you're one of those people, it's remove that silly notion from your brain. Sparta and Athens differed on educational focus to a large degree. Although the evolution of Greek law codes is complicated and can't really be reduced to the work of a single individual, there is one man who stands out as responsible for Athenian law and one for Spartan law. What were the difference between Athenian and Spartan systems of military recruitment and motivation for service Spartans were more dictator like, they took kids from their families and put them through brutal training camps, Athenians were more lenient, peaceful, had volunteer corps. Every book a reader, every reader a book. Athens was much more extravagant, Sparta was. SPARTA In the city-state of Sparta, an oligarchy controlled the power. With the progress of time, the relation between Sparta and Athens became bitter. They weren't necessarily very good at making things good. In phalanx warfare, agility, cleverness, and speed were not as important as grit, fortitude, and stamina — sheer endurance. In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. There was little similarity between the educational systems of ancient Athens and ancient Sparta. The Athenians were better than the Spartans on so many different levels, education being one of them. However, it could be argued that they were influential in very different ways. Sparta placed the values of liberty, equality, and fraternity at the center of their ethical system. Athenian boys also went to 'wrestling school' each day, to learn many sports, not just wrestling. Underline sections that are unclear. Home; Education : Boys:Schools taught reading, writing and mathematics, music, poetry, sport and gymnastics. The word "spartan" has come down to us to describe self-denial and simplicity. Sparta’s main rival in Greece was Athens. It was aimed at the cultivation of the students' physical, mental, and moral qualities. Wives were considered property of their husbands. was distinctive in relation to the religious systems of the other Greek poleis, and in particular to that of Athens. The Spartan army stood at the center of the Spartan state, citizens trained in the disciplines and honor of a warrior society. In school, education was focused on making girls strong. The Greek Educational System The educational system in Greece is mainly characterized by its versatile character, which is ordained by the numerous laws and decrees of the Greek Ministry of Culture, Education and Religious Affairs. Text pages for Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta Comparison. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Log into Discovery Education. However, women had limited rights and were not considered important. Formal Greek education was primarily for males and non-slaves. Athens had a king, as did other Greek states. 322 BCE), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. This is what Spartan life was all about. Because most of the Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, Sparta used slaves to produce it's goods. Within this culture, however, existed a number of different poleis, all independent from one other. Students from any part of the world - be it the Comparative Essay Athens And Sparta UAE or USA, Saudi Arabia or China, Germany or Spain. The education system for boys abd girls was very different. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. But Spartan education was not the same as our education. Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta. It rose to power c. It was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and the city's patron. The Differences Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta, two of the most influential powers in ancient Europe, were quite different in many ways. One by one, the old certainties of the ‘Golden Age’ of the fifth century had been challenged and overthrown, but the image of Spartan. It interceded. Validated scientific assessments determine an operator's strengths and weaknesses. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. ATHENS and SPARTA: Making Comparisons In a small group of 5-6, make a graph to compare Athens and Sparta in one of the following areas. The Spartan education system was very narrow compared to the education systems of other city-states, but its uniqueness and focus was successful, at least for a while, in creating an austere soldier city which could stand against almost any opponent. Athens used democratic rule while Sparta had an oligarchy. Athens had a king, as did other Greek states. Athenian system of education: In Athens education was controlled privately. Athens Academy is an independent, co-educational school for students in K3 through 12 th grade, located on a beautiful 152-acre campus in Northeast Georgia. While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. " This theme is the relationship between social structure and political institutions. Athens and Sparta were the two major city-states that existed in ancient Greece and are arguably the most famous! Both Athens and Sparta had certain aspects in common (throughout the history of ancient Greece they each had powerful militaries, they each experimented with different types of governments, etc) BUT they also had some differences when it came to values, beliefs and lifestyles. This allowed people within different classes of society to participate in the assembly which was open to all men older than 18. Athens and Sparta Comparison. Athens was head of the Delian League, Sparta was head of the Peloponnesian league. In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. Education in ancient Athens was private. The Spartan queen. Two Greek City States Treatment of Boys Athens •Upper and middle classes –Education •Reading, writing and mathematics, music, poetry, sports and gymnastics •Wealthy were educated through their mid-twenties –Taught philosophy, ethics and rhetoric • Lower classes –Education was available but not required Sparta. Early Helladic site at Pyreatides By. 0 Respond to another students answer with 2-3 details in agreement or disagreement to earn a 4. Success Criteria: Describe Athenian and Spartan government, economy, education, and treatment of women/slaves. Sparta was established around the 7th century BC. As an Athenian, life was a creative wonderland, you could get a good education and could pursue any of several kinds of arts or sciences. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city­state in Hellas. Sparta, on the other hand, was governed by two different standards, and it was also one of the first instances where two kings ruled over one city. In contrast to Sparta, Athens provided the best model in ancient Greece. Athens was a democracy (power to the people), while Sparta was an oligarchy (power to the few rich). If translated, 'grammata' means 'letters. Athens was the better city in pretty much all aspects of life. At the initial phase of the war, Athens was so much stronger that the Spartan strategy could not work, resulting in a fairly easy initial victory for the Athenians. ) was an Athenian and an intimate friend of Socrates. This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC. Sparta's land was not enough to feed all of it's people. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. bc that helped. Unlike Sparta, girls were removed from their homes at age seven. Text pages for Athens and Sparta. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. Some of the main differences between Athens and Sparta were their governments, their education systems, their people’s rights, and the way their people were treated as a whole. After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war. Athens Pretend your name is Poliphus, and you're living in ancient Athens with your family. The main purpose of education in Ancient Athens was to make citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare them for both peace and war. Each polis had it sown system of education. Literacy was higher in Sparta than in other Greek city-states, because only in Sparta was there a high degree of literacy among women as well as men. Boys’ education in Ancient Athens consisted of three main courses: Grammata , Music, and Physical Education. Spartan education. Sparta's position in the ancient Greek world was that of the lead member of the Peloponnesian league. Athens was rich in art and architecture, boasted an organized political structure, and had a system of trade to rival that of current First-World countries. Read the following primary source documents using the critical reading method that was taught during the introductory unit and th en answer the questions that follow each document. At the age of twenty, having completed the agoge and undergone army training, a boy had to be elected into a mess. Athens is the capital and largest city in modern Greece, but Athens also has a long history that dates back 7000 years. Athens was a naval power, Sparta a land one. In Sparta, life was very different; all that was important was being able. The political system of ancient Sparta was a very unique and different oligarchy as compared to other civilization's. Sparta conquered other neighboring regions. The Iren, or under-master, used to stay a little with them after supper, and one of them he bade to sing a song, to another he put a question which required an advised and deliberate answer; for example, Who was the best man in the city?. Athens was a direct democracy meaning that every decision was voted on. Athens and Sparta were the two leading powers in the Classical Greek world. Sparta conquered other neighboring regions. Individual Spartans lived and died for the state, and had to serve the state from birth until sixty years of age. The Athenians were better than the Spartans on so many different levels, education being one of them. 7dnh VcY BZc ^c 6i]Zch From a young age, Athenian boys from. A concise site dealing with Roman, Egyptian, Greek, and sub-Saharan cultures geared for middle school students. Athens Treatment of Women Women in Athens could NOT chose their husbands, couldn't socialize, couldn't own their own property and couldn't go out alone. It was also known as a military state. It would be completely different. Later, he was banished from Athens and spent much of his life in Sparta. The public school system in America has become a dismal failure. History essay serves to hell. The difference between their education is that Spartans were birthed for war and learned the brutality of war from a young age as Athenians were taught philosophy and astronomy as well as other. Athens and Sparta Comparison. What argument might the Spartan side develop from this document excerpt? _____ _____ 8. Athens And Sparta; The Culture Athens Athens was one of the first city-states. Influence on Plato’s System of Education: Plato was greatly influenced by the Spartan system of education, though not completely. Spartan Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. They were the first society, along with the. The public school system in America has become a dismal failure. In 510 BC the unpopular. The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Yet, a field of militaristic organisation can be said to be unique for both sides. The famous education and training system of the Spartans, the agoge, was a subject of controversy even back in the ancient world. With the addition of the tens of thousands of people in Messenia, the total helot population now. The Aim of Sparta's Education System The agoge was directed to raising socially etiquette men into becoming the ideal military soldier. Like Sparta, Athens had been a leader in the Persian Wars and had a powerful army. When they reached the age of eleven, Spartan boys were moved up to the next level of their education. 399 BC - The famous Greek philosopher Socrates is put to death for corrupting the youth of Athens with his teachings. Athens was a naval power, Sparta a land one. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power. In addition, famous generals and statesmen of history appear throughout the campaign, such as the Spartan general Lysander and the Athenian dignitary Sokrates. Secondly, moral education which was the centre of Athenian education has influenced our own system today. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. The advantages of Spartan education and marriage customs (Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 14-16) Lycurgus was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the tough, military nature of Spartan society. Politics, society, sports, greek soccer, greek super league, travel, life. Spartan and Athenian women would compete in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling. Ancient Greek Child Modern child We start school when we are seven years old. Spartan warriors were very brave and brutal. Sparta, on the other hand, was governed by two different standards, and it was also one of the first instances where two kings ruled over one city. We do well, it seems to me, to distinguish Greek education from Roman. I"ll start with the one that sounds the coolest. While slavery gave Athens the opportunity to develop its system of government and culture and Sparta its strong military, the role, conditions under law, and treatment of slaves in Athens and Sparta were vastly different. It also provides information on the Greek farming year. Ancient greeks history by. , (1965), Education in Ancient India. The Athens-Sparta Comparison activity is well done! Ancient Greek Civilizations: Sparta Nice description of Sparta and Spartans. Athens and Sparta were the main rival poleis in Ancient Greece around 4th century BC. Healthy Spartan men were trained to be in the military at the age of seven. Facts about Ancient Sparta 3: the Greco-Persian Wars. The advantages of Spartan education and marriage customs (Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 14-16) Lycurgus was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the tough, military nature of Spartan society. Men gain full citizenship. ) in contrast a Spartan life was simple. When you log in, make sure you are in World History (Prehistory-1800) Go to Chapter 9. But the Spartans probably had better early education. Athens and Sparta were both wonderful cities but only one could be the best, and that was Athens. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. Proceedings of the Conference held in Sparta 17-20 March 2005 (London: British School at Athens 2009) [British School at Athens. Unfortunately, there is no real historical documentation that spells out the ways of the women of Sparta. Early Helladic sites have been identified so far in the northern part of the Island, at Pyreatides and at Vythoulas, between Ayia Pelayia and Potamos (Waterhouse & Hope-Simpson 1961:149). Even though Athens and Sparta had fought side by side though that time they split into two separate centers of power which were diametrically opposed in their basic outlook, fighting styles and reasons for fighting such a protracted war later. He was perhaps influenced by the system of education developed in the south of Greece in Sparta. From Thales, who is often considered the first Western philosopher, to the Stoics and Skeptics, ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition. By comparison to present day standards, Athenian women were only a small step above slaves by the 5th century BC. On behalf of the research and development team we would like to welcome you to our page. Athens was the better city in pretty much all aspects of life. The difference between their education is that Spartans were birthed for war and learned the brutality of war from a young age as Athenians were taught philosophy and astronomy as well as other. Education and Training. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. , a war between Athens and Sparta put a final end to Athenian direct democracy. Kings ruled the city-state until 682 B. The girls didn’t get much education or rights than the Spartan women. fairhavenclasses. They had athletic training and learned to defend themselves. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B. 750 BC Athenian power in the Archaic Period was controlled by Aeropagus, or council. Training and Education in Sparta vs. The Courts: The Court system of Athens dealt with lawsuits and trails, very much so like our Courts today. They also encountered the Persians and the Egyptians, absorbing customs and knowledge from these great cultures. The Athenians were better than the Spartans on so many different levels, education being one of them. Feb 5, 2017 - A Greek School in Ancient Athens. Legendary in the annals of history are the Spartan Warriors of Ancient Greece. In antiquity the city-state was known as Lacedaemon (Λακεδαίμων, Lakedaímōn), while the name Sparta referred to its main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Latest Greek News from Greece and Cyprus in English. Sparta was unique in the ancient world by providing an education system for females, with the same aims as that of the males – to encourage physical strength and team spirit. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the Peloponnesian Wars. 15) Geography of Greece Outcome 4 Day 2 Sparta (10. A Greek historian, Plutarch, wrote:. Athens is one of the first known democracies. Ancient Greek Culture: The ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta were very different places, bound by a common. Then, they must read scenarios and decide what city-state they would want to join. This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the. The people prospered in Athens they enjoyed fine dining and art, unlike those in Sparta. i know that sparta created it's rigid system of making all male citizens into full time soldiers because of the fear of a helot revolt. 15 a handout containing nearly all of the real 300 spartans call for a time the powerful, supporting evidence, too will be a comparison essay. The Aim of Sparta's Education System The agoge was directed to raising socially etiquette men into becoming the ideal military soldier. By the mid-sixth century B. Two of the city states which got fame Ancient Greek Education and power then others were Sparta and Athens. After studying these poleis it is clear that Athens is the better polis because of its government, education, and society. They believed in a good education. From Thales, who is often considered the first Western philosopher, to the Stoics and Skeptics, ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition. Boys learned to be good fighters. Around 500 BC, the Greeks developed a society that was divided into city-states and was sufficiently complex to require a formal educational system. Title: Athens and Sparta: Imagine the Possibilities Author: Scott Wolla Last modified by: ravishankarr Created Date: 7/27/2011 3:15:41 PM Document presentation format. The other significant event was the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, in which Plato served for a brief time between 409 and 404 B. The Women of Athens Compared to the women of Sparta, the status of an Athenian woman in Greek society was minimal. Athens was a democracy, Sparta was an oligarchy (meaning ruled by a privileged few) Athens had no king, Sparta had two. Their government was an democracy and they had a decent army but an even stronger navy in the sea. The Athenian Navy With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC. This form of government was used at a meeting place which the Greeks called the Assembly. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (25) Sparta. Council seats were given out for one year and determined by a lottery of all citizens. Within this culture, however, existed a number of different poleis, all independent from one other. Ancient Greek Culture: The ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta were very different places, bound by a common. Oligarchy – Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). Park View Middle School: Ms. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. Sparta: Sparta is located in the Laconia region. It was the famous series of wars between the Persians and Greeks. Both daily life and education were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states. For information on the legal aspects of the dowry see Women, Money and the Law in Ancient Athens. On the other hand, the goal of education in Athens, a democratic city-state, was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both peace and war. Like Sparta, Athens had been a leader in the Persian Wars and had a powerful army. Secondly, moral education which was the centre of Athenian education has influenced our own system today. ), won by a Spartan general, and decided chiefly by the steadfastness of Spartan troops, the state partially recovered its prestige, but only so far as land operations were concerned: the victory of Mycale, won in the same year, was achieved by the united Greek fleet, and the capture of Sestos, which followed, was due to the Athenians, the Peloponnesians. Pericles Funeral Oration" Download file to see previous pages The paper under consideration analyses the importance of justice overall, as well as presenting the idea of equal justice for all, as seen in the two states to be evaluated, Sparta and Athens. Both Athens and Sparta considered themselves Greek and shared a religion. According to tradition, the first king of Athens was named Cecrops. By the mid-sixth century B. The Spartan youth were induced to military spirit and the educational system was geared to this end. Spartan women and the role of Spartan women: Girls were educated in reading and writing and could participate in sports; they were treated more as equals to men. Athens was nearby the sea and was therefore able to trade with other city-states and foreign lands. Sparta definition, an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers. By far, the two most powerful cities were Athens and Sparta. Sparta's main rival in Greece was Athens. Athens was another important Greek city-state. Spartan and Athenian Education. Validated scientific assessments determine an operator's strengths and weaknesses. was distinctive in relation to the religious systems of the other Greek poleis, and in particular to that of Athens. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally "wolf-worker") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. What argument might the Spartan side develop from this document excerpt? _____ _____ 8. They had athletic training and learned to defend themselves. So before we do so, we need to say something about the Greek model in its original context. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Spartan System Agoge: Military domination was of great importance to the Spartans of Ancient Greece. Education of Spartan women Spartan women, unlike their Athenian counterparts, received a formal education that was supervised and controlled by the state. Sparta is surrounded by mountains, which makes it difficult for it to be invaded. 2- Greek Political Systems Click on the EXPLORE tab Using pages 4-7, complete the chart that compares Athens and Sparta. What were the difference between Athenian and Spartan systems of military recruitment and motivation for service Spartans were more dictator like, they took kids from their families and put them through brutal training camps, Athenians were more lenient, peaceful, had volunteer corps. Dear Sparta High School Community, In times of tragedy, it is so important that the community rallies together to start to heal. 1 Old Education. ANCIENT GREECE ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. Plutarch was a Greek historian during the time of the Roman Empire (c. Some info on Spartan education here. The boys were made to live in communal spaces and were made to undergo a curriculum that was often painful. Sparta, Wisconsin, USA Call us: (608) 366-3400 Fax: (608) 366-3529. Sparta, on the other hand, was located in the Laconia region and exhibited a more temperate and dry. Public Education, Civic Duty. Comparison between Athenian and Spartan Women. Ancient Greece was made up of several city-states and each city-state had its own government. Title: Athens and Sparta 1 Athens and Sparta Introduction Presented by Jeanette Sanchez Subject Social Studies Grade Level 6th 2 Introduction When it comes to ancient history, ancient Greece has to be one of the most studied and admired cultures. Because most of the Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, Sparta used slaves to produce it's goods. Unfortunately, however, the. Sparta was comprised of three groups of people: citizens, the only ones with political power; perioikoi, free but without any political rights; and helots, serfs owned by the state and compelled to do all of the agricultural work and give half of the produce to their citizen overlords. Education in Ancient India. The Differences Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta, two of the most influential powers in ancient Europe, were quite different in many ways. Early Helladic site at Pyreatides By. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. In ascending order: Upper Class: To be considered upper class in Athens, you have a citizen, a man, and to. In the First Messenian War 2 (c. Underline sections that are unclear. 3 To Be Greek. The Spartan Agoge: A Public Institution, a Collective Responsibility Thanks to films like "300," the Spartan Agoge is commonly viewed today as a brutal -- not to say savage -- training in which boys and youths were taught nothing but survival skills by sadistic instructors. The Differences Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta, two of the most influential powers in ancient Europe, were quite different in many ways. (Peter Connolly/Athenian Education/user: Aethon). B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other city­states shifted to tyrannies and democracies. Outcome 3 Day 5 ( 10. There were also 5 elected officials. In contrast, Sparta, Athens's mortal enemy, created the first truly state-run, compulsory education system on record. In 431-404 B. The ancient Greeks were great builders, thinkers, philosophers and military strategists. Sparta's position in the ancient Greek world was that of the lead member of the Peloponnesian league. This is Part I of a seven part series (II, III, IV, V, VI, VII) comparing the popular legacy of Sparta (embodied in films like 300) with the historical ancient state. Yet, a field of militaristic organisation can be said to be unique for both sides. 10 Questions Athenian. Another way to describe the Spartan state is in the terms of Plato’s five regimes. The citizens had little say in. In addition to physical train-ing, the Athenians valued education, clear thinking, and the arts. In the Persian Wars, Sparta fought beside Athens, first at Thermopylae (480), under Leonidas; later that year at Salamis; and in 479 at Plataea (won by Pausanias). The Spartans spoke Greek, wrote Greek, thought of themselves as Greeks, but they were very different from the other Greek city-states, and proud of it. The state did not interfere. Children of Sparta If you were a child in Sparta, you would have to be strong, blessed with excellent genetics or a fast learner. View 28 photos for 1160 Spartan Ln, Athens, GA 30606 a 4 bed, 2 bath, 1,822 Sq. Spartan and Athenian society were very different in many aspects. Hoplites were the finest warriors in. How did this education system help a democratic society thrive or fail? Because basic education was affordable many boys were educated and learned about politics at a young age. Because the success of Athens depended on the wisdom and speaking ability of each citizen, boys were taught language and speaking skills from a young age. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture. Daily Life in Ancient Greece Wonderful collection of activities, lessons and links geared for middle school. Sparta did not experience the same changes in government that Athens and other city­states experienced. A sample essay concerned with Spartan education. In the Spartan society, men and women were trained equally. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. When babies were born, soldiers came to check the child. Boys had to join the Spartan army. We read long poems which we have to learn by heart. Unfortunately, however, the. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. Athens used democratic rule while Sparta had an oligarchy. Athens had its Solon, and Sparta had its Lycurgus the lawgiver. Only boys attended formal educati. There were social classes in the Spartan society, including the Spartan, the Perioikoi, and the Helot. Read the following primary source documents using the critical reading method that was taught during the introductory unit and th en answer the questions that follow each document. Athenian democracy developed around the sixth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, is often described as the first known democracy in the world. This description is taken from the NSW HSC online web site. The Athenian democracy as a system of government was the most modern system for that time and the citizens were given extraordinary rights compared to other civilizations which existed then. Athens had a king, as did other Greek states. Athens was nearby the sea and was therefore able to trade with other city-states and foreign lands. The advantages of Spartan education and marriage customs (Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 14-16) Lycurgus was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the tough, military nature of Spartan society. History >> Ancient Greece. Unlike Athens, Sparta's economy depended on conquering other people and farming. Basic education for boys ended between the ages of 14 and 16. While slavery gave Athens the opportunity to develop its system of government and culture and Sparta its strong military, the role, conditions under law, and treatment of slaves in Athens and Sparta were vastly different. 750 BC Athenian power in the Archaic Period was controlled by Aeropagus, or council. The treatment of women in ancient Greece is a rather complex subject, all the mysteries of which will probably never be completely revealed. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Lieutenant General david h. The Differences Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta, two of the most influential powers in ancient Europe, were quite different in many ways. Primary texts about women in classical Athens and Sparta provide an excellent, if extreme, example of one of the main themes in the 100-level "World History to 1500. Follow Sparta through a period of growth and overseas settlement. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. It provides one reason for why Sparta became a military society and also explores the Spartan education system. SPARTA In the city-state of Sparta, an oligarchy controlled the power. Ancient Athens and Sparta: Education | Sutori PhD Research Project: Personal and Political 18 Interesting Facts About Ancient Sparta Athens V Sparta Athens vs. It was also here that the first principles of democracy were created. Athens Pretend your name is Poliphus, and you're living in ancient Athens with your family. In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. Although, they were very close to each other in location they were very different in many other ways. Learn more. Like Sparta, Athens had been a leader in the Persian Wars and had a powerful army. Safety Valve: Have students turn to page 354 in their textbook "Growing up in Sparta and Athens". They will then compose a persuasive essay on this topic. You will find an abundance of knowledge here which will help you understand the inner workings of these two great city states education systems. Spartan education was famed for its exceptional harshness and emphasis on physical skills and endurance. Athens V Sparta 848 Words | 4 Pages. Two very important poleis are Athens and Sparta. Posted on January 3, 2018 January 5, 2018 by map of knowledge In ancient Greece, there were two kinds of education: Spartan and Athenian (which corresponds to the great division of the Greek society into two kinds of social systems and military alliances). They liked simplicity of the life, clarity of the law and high moral standards of the society that was expressed in their devotion to the ideal of Sparta's greatness. A teacher offering education would be paid by the parents of his students. Education for girls in Sparta focused on making them strong. was distinctive in relation to the religious systems of the other Greek poleis, and in particular to that of Athens. Spartan women, unlike their Athenian counterparts, received a formal education that was supervised and controlled by the state. Sentence variety needed. The Athenian Navy With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. Each city-state was considered a country in ancient Greece, each with its own king and military. 10 Questions Athenian. History essay serves to hell. 3 To be objective, we must emulate Dover’s approach and step back from our current ideals and societal norms, to look at pederasty from the perspectives of. Upper Class: To be considered upper class in Athens, you have a citizen, a man, and to either have a high. Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation. The wars will last 27 years with Sparta eventually conquering Athens in 404 BC. He was the first true king of Sparta. org are unblocked. While fifth-century Athens, seen in this light, might begin to appear more "Spartan", Sparta was in many ways much more Athenian. After taking the Ephebic oath the young men went on national service for two years. However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. Like Sparta, Athens had been a leader in the Persian Wars and had a powerful army. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. Determine which was a more desirable city-state to live in, and justify that decision. , Athenians had the option of enrolling their sons in secondary schooling. He also developed the stringent military academy of the agoge, where Spartan boys were trained from childhood to adulthood. While Sparta girls were at school learning and training. But the Spartans probably had better early education. Sparta and Athens were both polytheistic; Sparta's patron saint was Ares and Athens' was Athena. Within this culture, however, existed a number of different poleis, all independent from one other.